The Lord Mayor is drawn from the Court of Aldermen, and must have served the office of Sheriff.
The Court of Aldermen controlled civic government in the City until the eighteenth century. Today it continues to be an important body carrying out a variety of duties including acting as an Electoral College, considering the grant of livery to a company, and as trustee of City traditions.
The City’s constitution rests upon the ancient rights enjoyed by the citizens of London and recognised in a Charter of King William I of 1067. Its modern role relies on its ability to adapt to the changing needs of its stakeholders and maintain and promote the City as the world’s leading financial and business centre.
The City of London Corporation provides local authority services for the City. Uniquely, the Corporation operates on a non-party political basis through its elected Members of the Court of Common Council, together with the Aldermen and Lord Mayor.